Situation: The effects of physical exercise and a controlled lifestyle and their collective effects on people who participate in them are discussed.
Reasoning: We need to find the statement explaining the technique used to arrive at the conclusion above.
(A) Correct: For our purposes, the skeleton of the argument is this, Sentence One: Physical exercise causes one to feel healthy. Sentence Two: The perceived control over one’s life causes one to feel healthy. Sentence Three: Therefore, Physical Exercise causes people to feel they have more control over their lives. This choice identifies the argument’s flawed logic to a tee.
(B) Incorrect: Nothing in the argument suggests that any effect is produced “more strongly,” so this answer is out of scope.
(C) Incorrect: The two premises of this argument are distinct from its conclusion. Although the argument is flawed, it isn’t circular in this way.
(D) Incorrect: Both premises and the conclusion are all related to health, so none of them can be said to be “irrelevant.”
(E) Incorrect: It is possible that the argument was constructed with such preconceived notions in mind. However, it is impossible to determine with certainty that this is so based on the argument.
A is the correct answer.
If you’re looking for a different kind of workout, an hour of texting can burn around 40 calories. And pushing a shopping cart can burn over 100 calories an hour.